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To get some things done he worked with the traditional right. The centre-left helped the French president accomplish others. The challenge was bigger than any a French leader had faced in more than two decades: He had to convince politicians across the country's national assembly to support even a minor domestic project.
Now, governing his already-polarized country has gotten close to impossible for Macron because a suburban police officer stopped a yellow Class A Mercedes and fired one fatal shot into the 17-year-old driver's chest, setting off six days of tumult across the country.
Macron's centrist Renaissance party and its close allies had merely 251 seats out of 577 after Macron won his second five-year term last year with 58 per cent of the votes in a runoff with far-right leader Marine Le Pen.
Macron dreamed big despite the close victory. His first big goal was raising the retirement age from 62 to 64, which he had to force through parliament. He then hoped to re-industrialize France, improve working conditions and finalize a new immigration bill. Abroad, Macron championed European sovereignty and independence in fields ranging from the economy and energy to defence.
But all that has had to fall by the wayside.
Macron shortened a visit to a European summit in Brussels last week for a crisis meeting with his government. This week, he called a last-minute delay in a visit to Germany that had been meant to show the strength of the bilateral friendship despite disputes on energy, defence and the economy, among other issues.
The changes in his agenda echo another uncomfortable situation for the French leader three months ago when the planned state visit of King Charles III to France was postponed due to violent protests against the pension changes.
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said he was watching France’s situation with concern.
“I hope very much, and I am convinced, that the French president will find ways for this situation to improve quickly,” he told ARD television. “I don’t expect France to become unstable, even if the pictures are of course very depressing."
The US, the UK and China were among those that called on citizens to exercise caution when travelling to France.
The question now for Macron is whether he can marshal enough endurance to face the political situation at home.
“The problem is that he still has four more years ahead,” said Luc Rouban, a senior researcher at the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS).
He noted that Macron has faced a succession of protests and street unrest, starting with the yellow vest movement against social injustice that broke out in 2018.
An increasing proportion of the population “rejects institutions" as part of a broader criticism of "a social order that involves inequalities, that is ... basically quite hypocritical, with school in particular not allowing people to succeed as it once did,” Rouban said.
Schools, city halls, police stations and other public institutions have been attacked.
Macron "doesn’t have much leeway except for distributing subsidies,” which is also difficult because of France’s heavy debt burden, Rouban said.
Posted on 04 Jul 2023 12:53 link